This specification covers concentrated and ready-to-use hard surface disinfectant and sanitizer products including non-food-contact surface sanitizers. It does not cover hand cleaners, hand soaps, topical antiseptic drug products, food-contact sanitizers, or laundry sanitizers.
Public health professionals have begun to introduce the use of alternative disinfectants and sanitizers in specific arenas. In those cases where disinfection or sanitation is required, federal and state regulations continue to list the use of bleach as an acceptable or recommended option, but also recommend or allow for the use of alternative disinfectants or sanitizers registered with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for specific uses. For example, the 2007 New York State Department of Health Advisory on the "Prevention and Control of MRSA" recommends either the use of an "EPA-registered hospital detergent/disinfectant . . . or a 1:100 solution of diluted bleach."
During development of the multi-state contract for Environmentally Preferable Cleaning Products, Programs, Equipment, and Supplies, awarded in March 2015, the sourcing team, led by the Massachusetts Operational Services Division, researched and compiled criteria for surface disinfectants and sanitizers in consultation with the Massachusetts Toxics Reduction Task Force and the Responsible Purchasing Network. These criteria may reduce the impact to public health and the environment, while ensuring efficacy and high performance. It is the intent of this specification to encourage affected entities to adopt the use of effective alternatives that meet these criteria, such as hydrogen peroxide, in place of conventional disinfectants and sanitizers, such as chlorine bleach (sodium hypochlorite) and quaternary ammonium chloride compounds, which do not meet them.
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - is the specialized cancer agency of the World Health Organization dedicated to promoting international collaboration in cancer research.
National Toxicology Program (NTP) - is an interagency program established in 1978 to coordinate toxicology research and testing across the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The program was created to strengthen the science base in toxicology, develop and validate improved testing methods, and provide information about potentially toxic chemicals to health regulatory and research agencies, scientific and medical communities, and the public. It maintains an objective, science-based approach in dealing with critical issues in toxicology.
California Proposition 65 - known as the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, requires the State of California to publish a list of chemicals known to cause cancer or birth defects or other reproductive harm. The California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment follows a rigorous scientific and open public process to evaluate available scientific information, and lists chemicals based on recommendations from State committees of scientists and health professionals, presence on an authoritative lists of chemicals of concern (e.g. IARC or NTP), identification by a state or federal agency as a carcinogen or teratogen, or satisfaction of certain criteria defined in the California Labor Code.
Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics (AOEC) - is a non-profit organization committed to improving the practice of occupational and environmental health through information sharing and collaborative research.
Green Seal - is a non-profit, independent, third party standard setting and certification organization that follows the Guiding Principles and Procedures for Type I Environmental Labeling adopted by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO 14024). Green Seal has developed environmental standards and certifies products for more than 40 major product categories.
UL EcoLogo - is an independent, third party standard setting and certification program that follows the Guiding Principles and Procedures for North American Type I Environmental Labeling adopted by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO 14024). Since its establishment in 1988, EcoLogo has been recognized or referenced in more than 350 specifications and standards.
It is recommended that affected entities prioritize green cleaning first, and only use disinfectants or sanitizers when necessary. Certain circumstances (e.g. blood spills and infection control) and locations (e.g. health care, childcare, and food service settings) may require special disinfectant or sanitation practices that are prescribed by existing laws, regulations, or professional guidance. These specifications do not supersede or change existing health, labor, environmental, social services, or educational regulations or guidance related to disinfection and sanitation practices. For more information on best practices for green cleaning and examples of state and federal regulations and guidance on disinfection and sanitation, see the New York State green cleaning website at https://greencleaning.ny.gov/.
Affected entities are encouraged to purchase disinfectants and sanitizers that meet the following specifications to the extent practicable, consistent with existing laws and professional guidance issued by the State Departments of Health, Labor, Environmental Conservation, and Education. This specification is intended to harmonize with specifications included in the multi-state purchasing contract for Environmentally Preferable Cleaning Products, Programs, Equipment and Supplies (also known as FAC85), but it does not create an obligation for affected entities to follow them.
Products meeting the following criteria will meet the specification:
Third-party verification by Green Seal or UL EcoLogo is encouraged but not required.
Packaging shall comply with Environmental Conservation Law section 37-0205. Packaging shall not contain inks, dyes, pigments, adhesives, stabilizers, or any other additives to which any lead, cadmium, mercury, or hexavalent chromium is intentionally added or contain incidental concentrations of lead, cadmium, mercury, or hexavalent chromium which together are greater than 100 parts per million by weight (0.01%). New York State encourages affected entities to adopt the following: