Ink rolls in an offset printing machine.

Approved EO 4 Specification: Ink

Covered Products

Lithographic ink used in lithography printing.



Lithographic printing process: The method of printing using chemically coated plates whose image areas attract ink and whose non-image areas repel ink.

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs): Any compound of carbon, excluding carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates, and ammonium carbonate, which participates in atmospheric photochemical reactions, as specified in part 51.00 of chapter 40 of the United States Code of Federal Regulations.


Standard Setting and Certifying Programs

EcoLogo™ is a North American Type I environmental leadership standard setting and third-party certification program as defined by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO 14024). It has developed environmental standards for a wide range of consumer and commercial products and certifies products meeting those standards. For additional information, visit the EcoLogo website at



Biobased Content:

Affected state entities shall, to the maximum extent practicable, purchase water-based or vegetable based lithographic ink, which will reduce the amount of VOCs released into the environment.

In accordance with Article 2, section 7-a of the New York State Printing and Public Documents law, unless it is determined that the cost of printing with vegetable-based ink is significantly greater than the cost of printing with petroleum-based ink, all lithographic inks used in the production of New York State printing requirements shall contain the following minimum percentages of vegetable oil: News Inks - 40%; Sheet Fed Inks - 20%; Forms Inks - 20%; Heat Set Inks - 10%.

Item Percentage of Vegetable Oil
News Inks 40%
Sheet Fed Inks 20%
Forms Inks 20%
Heat Set Inks 10%


Heavy Metal Content:

The sum or incidental concentration levels of lead, cadmium, mercury or hexavalent chromium in ink shall not exceed 100 parts per million (ppm) by weight.

Recycled Content:

Affected State entities are encouraged to purchase ink that maximizes recycled content.

Environmental Performance:

Affected state entities are encouraged to purchase ink which meets or exceeds the Ecologo™ Certification Criteria Document for Printing Inks (CCD-040).