Solar energy systems that convert the sun’s rays into electricity.
Photovoltaic panels (modules) use the sun’s light for creation of electricity that can be used to power lighting, plug loads, cooling systems and any other component with the goal of diminishing use of fossil fuels.
These modules are part of a designed system that includes inverters, installations and connections to an electrical distribution system. Photovoltaic modules are available at various price points, efficiency levels and capacities (output wattage); hence, each application for PV must be analyzed to decide which technology and system design for that application is the most appropriate.
Active solar systems directly convert solar energy into electricity or require electricity to transfer energy (electric or thermal) from one location to another.
Passive solar systems use specific site locations, design or building materials that take advantage of the sun's position and availability to provide direct heating or lighting, or to store heating in thermal mass.
Photovoltaic: (PV) The technology of converting solar radiation intdirect current electricity with the use of semiconductor material.
Photovoltaic Cell: A device that converts the energy of sunlight directly intelectricity by the photovoltaic effect. A PV Cell is alsreferred tas a Solar Cell.
Photovoltaic Panel (Module): A packaged interconnected assembly of Photovoltaic Cells or Solar Cells.
Photovoltaic Array: A linked collection of Photovoltaic or Solar Modules which are in turn made of multiple interconnected Photovoltaic or Solar Cells.
Photovoltaic String: A group of modules connected in series
Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV): Solar cells integrated into building components such as siding or roofing shingles
Solar Trackers: A movable device for tracking and orienting a solar photovoltaic module toward the sun
LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) is an internationally recognized green building certification system, providing third-party verification that a building or community was designed and built using strategies intended to improve performance in metrics such as energy savings, water efficiency, CO2 emissions reduction, improved indoor environmental quality, and stewardship of resources and sensitivity to their impacts.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE - read I-Triple-E) is an international non-profit, professional organization for the advancement of technology related to electricity. It has the most members of any technical professional organization in the world, with more than 395,000 members in around 150 countries. It develops global standards in a broad range of industries, including: power and energy, biomedical and health care, information technology, telecommunication, transportation, nanotechnology, information assurance.
The International Electro-technical Commission (IEC) is the world's leading organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies.
Underwriters Laboratories (UL) is an independent product safety certification organization that has been testing products and writing standards for safety for more than a century. UL's worldwide family of companies and network of service providers includes 68 laboratory, testing and certification facilities serving customers in 102 countries.
The North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners (NABCEP) is the organization providing certification for PV and solar thermal installation. Designed to raise industry standards and promote consumer confidence, NABCEP offers certification and certificate programs to renewable energy professionals throughout North America.
Affected entities shall provide PV Systems that are designed and specified on a case by case basis and which include PV panels or modules with the following minimum requirements:
Affected entities are encouraged to:
Toxics in Packaging:
In accordance with Environmental Conservation Law section 37-0205, packaging shall not contain inks, dyes, pigments, adhesives, stabilizers, or any other additives to which any lead, cadmium, mercury or hexavalent chromium exceed the following concentration level: 100 parts per million by weight (0.01%).